Frequently Asked Questions
Municipalities With And Without Registration
Yes. If your property is located in a municipality without a land registry system, you must identify your limits at BUPi.
If your property is located in a municipality with land registry system, the georeferencing of your land is done by DGT (Direção-Geral do Território) by vectoring the existing cadastral elements. However, it also benefits from the free regime that is in force for a period of 4 years from the date of entry into force of Law No. 65/2019 – until August 23th of 2023.
The registration procedures are also applicable throughout the national territory, regardless of the type of georeferencing envisaged: it is necessary to present the georeferenced graphic representation (RGG) for municipalities without a land registry, and geometric land configuration (CGP) for municipalities with a land registry.
The way to publicly state that a property belongs to you is by registering it with the Land Registry Office.
Properties that are not identified in BUPi or registered with the Land Registry Office are subject to the procedure for recognizing a building without a known owner, being provisionally registered in the name of the State.
To avoid traveling to a service counter, you can identify the limits of your property online, authenticating with the Portuguese Citizen Card or Digital Mobile Key (CMD) and respective PIN numbers.
BUPi Service Counters
If you need the assistance of a Qualified BUPi Technician or do not have electronic authentication, you can choose to identify your properties at a BUPi service counter. Consult the list for the nearest service counter in the municipality where your property is located.
Land Registry Office
After submitting the request for georeferencing of your properties at BUPi, you should go to the Land Registry Office, which will already have all the information about the location and limits of your property, in order to register.
Soon, it will be possible to start the registration request directly through the BUPi’s service counter or online, after the submission of the RGG.
If your municipality has a land registry, go to the Land Registry Office to register and take the land register with you.
Identify the property
To identify the location and limits of your properties, you can go to the BUPi service counter of the municipality where your property is located.
Register the property
To schedule the registration you must contact the local Land Registry Office.
Soon, it will be possible to start the registration request directly through the BUPi service counter or online, after RGG submission
To identify the properties
The identification of your properties, through BUPi, when done online or at a BUPi service counter, is always free.
To register a property
For properties that have never been registered with the Land Registry Office, or whose registration has not been updated, the registration process is also free.
About the free registration
Law no. 78/2017, of August 17th, created the Simplified Land Digital Registry and extended the possibility for all landowners to register their rural land free of charge, whatever their geographic location.
Exemption from fees associated with registration is ensured for 4 years after the signing of the agreement between the municipality where the properties are located and BUPi:
- If you are the landowner of rural property and / or mixed properties (part rural and part urban) located in one of the 174 municipalities that do not have a register and that can join the georeferenced graphical representation (RGG) process, you can enjoy the exemption from fees associated with registration, for a period of 4 years from when the municipality’s first joined BUPi.
- If the municipality has integrated the pilot project or has a geometric registration of the rural property (CGPR), the free policy remains for a period of 4 years from the date of entry into force of Law No. 65/2019 – until August 23th of 2023
Check here the free registration end date in your municipality.
Data de término
To identify the location and limits of your property online, you must authenticate with your Portuguese Citizen Card, having the required PIN codes with you. You can also authenticate with the Digital Mobile Key (CMD), and you must have the associated mobile phone with you. You must also have the caderneta predial (description of the property – issued by the Portuguese Tax Authority) with the property’s record numbers. If you have previously done a GPS survey with the coordinates of your properties, you can load the file on the platform. Otherwise, you must identify your property directly on the map.
When you go to a BUPi service desk, you need to have your Portuguese Citizen Card and Caderneta Predial (description of the property – issued by the Portuguese Tax Authority) with the number of the property’s record numbers. Alternatively, you can indicate the property’s record numbers and your fiscal number (NIF) so that the Qualified BUPi Technician can consult the Caderneta Predial (description of the property – issued by the Portuguese Tax Authority) on the Portal das Finanças (Portuguese Tax and Customs Authority Portal). You should know how to identify your property on the map and, if possible, bring a GPS survey of the limits of your property.
Documents you must take with you
Consult here the documents you need, according to your situation.
Documents proving land ownership
The documents that prove that the property belongs to you:
- Deed of purchase and sale or donation;
- Deed of Qualification of heirs;
- Judicial decision granting the property right;
- Law or other type of legal diploma that gives you that right.
In the municipalities with registration, you will still need the respective caderneta predial (description of the property – issued by the Portuguese Tax Authority).
If you have a property but do not have a document proving that it belongs to you, you can start a special justification procedure to demonstrate that you live or operate the property under conditions that allow you to register it in your name. For more information, contact the Land Registry Office nearest you
The location of properties can be done by the owner / promoter, online or at a BUPi service desk with a qualified BUPi technician. If you identify the location and limits of your property online, the technician will only validate the information.
- Polygon drawing on a digital map;
- Direct field measurement, commonly referred to as GPS surveying;
- Loading a file in accepted formats (KML, Shape or GPX).
Identifying the location and boundaries of your property ensures that your borders can be reset, even in situations where physical identifiers disappear, ensuring effective protection of your property.
To find out if your properties are registered with the Land Registry Office, you can:
- Check if you have a certificate of land registration in your possession;
- Go to a Land Registry Office and indicate your name and property record number.
Your rights as landowner are only really guaranteed when your property is registered with the Land Registry, as this is the only way to guarantee, without a doubt, who the owner is.
Registration with the Land Registry Office is mandatory when:
- Purchasing a land;
- Selling a land (it is only possible to sell land already registered);
- The Portuguese Government or the Court assigns the title to a piece of land.
The biggest advantage for the owner in registering a land until 2023 is that there is no cost associated with this procedure.
If you have properties not yet registered or whose information is not up to date at the Land Registry Office, you can take advantage of the special registration procedures, which are free of charge within the term provided by law.
Now, to register your property, it is necessary to previously make your identification on the online platform or with a qualified BUPi technician. This identification must be duly validated by a qualified technician in the municipalities without registration, or be vectored by DGT (Direção-Geral do Território) in the remaining municipalities.
If the property is duly registered at the Land Registry Office, you must identify it at BUPi so that there is no doubt about its location and limits. The georeferenced identification of your property is associated with your registration. This process can be done free of charge, through the online platform or at the nearest BUPi counter.